The male supplies the eggs with prolactin, the same hormone responsible for milk production in pregnant mammals.
The pouch provides oxygen, as well as a controlled environment incubator.
Before breeding, seahorses may court for several days.
Scientists believe the courtship behavior synchronizes the animals' movements and reproductive states so the male can receive the eggs when the female is ready to deposit them.
When mating, the female seahorse deposits up to 1,500 eggs in the male's pouch.Seahorses swim very poorly, rapidly fluttering a dorsal fin and using pectoral fins (located behind their eyes) to steer. zosterae (the dwarf seahorse), with a top speed of about 5 ft (1.5 m) per hour.Since they are poor swimmers, they are most likely to be found resting with their prehensile tails wound around a stationary object. These species form territories; males stay within 1 m They are named for their equine appearance with bent necks and long snouted heads followed by their distinctive trunk and tail.They are adept at camouflage with the ability to grow and reabsorb spiny appendages depending on their habitat.